Two major provisions of Bill C-42 came into effect today

Two of the most significant provisions of Bill C-42, the Common Sense Firearms Licensing Act came into effect today, September 2nd, 2015.

As of today, the automatic conversion of all current POLs to PALs is in effect.  Holders of valid POLs can now purchase weapons and ammunition in the classes listed on their current POL.

Also, ATTs for certain routine and lawful activities became a condition of valid POL and PALs

These licence conditions authorize the transport of restricted and/or prohibited firearms registered to the licence holder within their province of residence by the most direct route possible for the specific indicated purposes:

  1. Transportation of restricted firearms and/or prohibited handguns (12(6.1) of the Firearms Act) possessed for the purpose of target practice to and from all shooting clubs and ranges approved under section 29 of theFirearms Act.
  2. Transportation of restricted firearms and/or prohibited firearms to and from any place a peace officer, firearms officer of Chief Firearms Officer (CFO) is located for verification, registration or disposal in accordance with theFirearms Act or Part III of the Criminal Code.
  3. Transportation of restricted firearms and/or prohibited firearms to and from a business that holds a licence authorizing it to repair or appraise prohibited or restricted firearms.
  4. Transportation of restricted firearms and/or prohibited firearms to and from a gun show.
  5. Transportation of restricted firearms and/or prohibited firearms to a port of exit, in order to take them outside Canada and from a port of entry.
  6. Transportation of newly acquired restricted firearms and/or prohibited firearms from the place of acquisition to the licence holder's dwelling house or other place authorized by the CFO.

The R.C.M.P. is posting questions and answers regarding the new provisions on the Information section of its Canadian Firearms Program website, CLICK HERE.

The CSAAA is currently reviewing member questions with the Chief Firearms Officers (CFO) in each province as well as with the Minister of Public Safety's office in Ottawa and will continue to post information as it becomes available.  CSAAA members can forward questions or concerns to or contact a CFO in your province, call 1-800-731-4000.



Harper Government announces new provisions of the Common Sense Firearms Licencing Act are coming into force

July 31, 2015, Ottawa, Ontario Public Safety Canada - Today, Canada’s Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, the Honourable Steven Blaney, announced the coming into force of two additional provisions under the Common Sense Firearms Licensing Act.

Effective September 2, 2015, these changes to the Firearms Act will come into force:

  • The elimination of the Possession Only Licence (POL) and conversion of all existing POLs to Possession and Acquisition Licences (PALs); and
  • The Authorization to Transport (ATT) becoming a condition of a licence for certain routine and lawful activities.

The elimination of the POL and conversion of all existing POLs to PALs simplifies the firearms licencing regime by eliminating one type of licence for adults. Specifically, it provides the roughly 530,000 holders of Possession Only Licences (POL) with acquisition privileges, formerly reserved for Possession and Acquisition Licence (PAL) holders. POL holders will be authorized to acquire the types of firearms they are currently authorized to possess. The conversion of existing POLs to PALs will happen automatically with no action required by holders of valid POLs.

Currently, firearms owners apply to a Chief Firearms Officer (CFO) when they wish to transport restricted and prohibited firearms, and they carry the ATT as a separate document. The changes to the ATT provision mean that an ATT will be automatically attached as a condition on a licence. Therefore licence holders will no longer have to apply separately in order to transport those firearms to certain routine activities such as target shooting; taking a firearm home after a transfer; going to a gunsmith, gun show, a Canadian port of exit or a peace officer or a CFO for verification, registration or disposal.

Quick Facts

  • Authorizations to Transport are not required for non-restricted firearms.
  • These two additional provisions are now added to the ones that came into force last June under the Firearms Act and the Criminal Code to do the following:
    • Make classroom participation in firearms safety courses mandatory for first-time licence applicants;
    • Clarify that the discretionary authority of Chief Firearms Officers is subject to the regulations;
    • Strengthen the Criminal Code provisions relating to orders prohibiting the possession of firearms where a person is convicted of an offence involving domestic violence; and
    • Provide the Governor in Council with the authority to prescribe firearms to be non-restricted or restricted (such prescribing would be informed by independent expert advice).


“The coming into force of these important changes under the Common Sense Firearms Licensing Act once again delivers on our government’s promise to support law-abiding firearms owners. Together, these measures aim to streamline licensing and eliminate needless red tape. My foremost priority is keeping the public safe through common sense policies. Our government will always stand-up for law abiding hunters, farmers and sport-shooters.”

The Honourable Steven Blaney, Canada’s Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness

Associated Links


Etienne Rainville
Press Secretary
Office of Canada’s Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness

Media Relations
Public Safety Canada


Alison de Groot

Managing Director




Bill C-42 Implementation Information for Retailers/Dealers

Bill C-42 not in force yet
While Bill C-42 officially received Royal Assent on Thursday, June 18, retailers and dealers should be advised that the implementation schedule has not yet been announced and most portions of the bill have not come into force yet.

The R.C.M.P. issued Special Bulletin for Businesses No. 91 last Thursday, stating that implementation most of the Bill's regulations will take place over the next 21 months. This was incorrect and the Bulletin was withdrawn and replaced by a new version but it is not specific, correctly stating the "Coming into Force" dates will be determined by the "Governor in Council."

The corrected Special Bulletin for Businesses No. 91 can be found here:
Once in force, Bill C-42 includes, but is not limited to, the following changes:
- All P.O.L licenses become P.A.L licenses. Whatever class of firearms P.O.L holders are allowed to possess they are now allowed to acquire.
-Transfers get initiated on all restricted and prohibited class firearms using the same procedure as current P.A.L holders.
-ATT's are no longer required to bring purchased firearms home. This, however, does not change the fact that all transfers must be approved and a new certificate number must be issued to the new owner before taking possession. 
-ATT's are not required for persons bringing firearms to the store for repair or appraisal.  
-Swiss Arms and CZ858 firearms will revert back to pre 2014 status.

Bill C-42 signed into law today

The “Common Sense Firearms Licensing Act” granted Royal Assent

June 18, 2015 - The Harper government's legislation to rid Canada of some bureaucratic burdens inherent in the Firearms Act is a welcome step in the right direction for responsible firearms owners.

The Canadian Sporting Arms and Ammunition Association (CSAAA) has been working with the Conservative party for many years to achieve increasing degrees of firearms fairness. Tony Bernardo, government affairs director of the CSAAA, says the new legislation has been a long time coming.

“Getting rid of the Authorization to Transport and merging Possession-Only Licenses with Possession and Acquisition Licenses is an important step that demonstrates the government has been listening to the people,” says Bernardo. “This legislation shows us, once again, that this administration can be trusted. This is further proof that the government is making good on its intentions to overhaul the onerous Firearms Act that the former Liberal government created. Their reams of red tape failed to improve public safety one iota, but they did succeed in demonstrating their contempt for trustworthy Canadian firearms owners.”

Bernardo, a long-time adviser to the federal government, said while the firearms community stands to win from the new bill, the bill is a progressive move for all Canadians. He notes that taxpayers have long paid for two almost identical licensing systems and hundreds of thousands of handwritten transport permits that did nothing. Bernardo states, “ Even the Chief Firearms Officers acknowledge that the Authorization to Transport permit is very rarely refused and almost never revoked. That begs the question, why issue it at all?”

The CSAAA has long advocated changes that would lighten the legislative burden legitimate businesses face every day.

“This is another significant step forward and a cause for celebration among all responsible firearms owners,” says Bernardo. “We have spent many long hours on Parliament Hill and C-42 addresses several irritating stones in the shoes of lawful businesses. When this government stands to reject legislation designed only to harass the law-abiding, every Canadian should rejoice in the new-found fairness and freedom for the sporting firearms industry.

“This government promised to pass this bill before the end of the session and they have fulfilled that commitment,” explains Bernardo. “Like the ending of the long gun registry, the sky will not fall. Public safety will be just as intact as before. Just as Canadians came to realize that the registry was a waste of time and money, we believe they will come to accept additional cuts in red tape in the spirit of fairness to responsible firearms owners. These are changes that the general public would never even notice, but responsible Canadian sport shooters will be much better off.”

Bernardo says while the Harper government has acted in good faith so far, he is looking forward to additional legislative progress to roll back the damage done to sport shooters from previous governments. He says the $6+ billion that changes hands in the Canadian firearms industry annually is an important source of revenue, jobs and taxes. The government’s willingness to treat responsible gun owners with the respect they deserve will be a boon for the Canadian economy as a whole.

CSAAA President Wes Winkel said the associations’ members applaud the new legislation. “Our business owners have been supporting this initiative for some time. We are grateful for the nine years of work Mr. Bernardo has put in representing us in this process and very supportive of the outcome.”

For further information contact:

Alison de Groot

Managing Director